I created this page for those that want to learn more about paganism, wicca and witchcraft. This is not mine it is from research
and there are several documented sources mostly from a certain place that I visit.
Also you can check in the links that I have found on my main page where there are links to some of the sites that this info stated below came from.
So without further thought please read on about all the things that I find might be of some help to you.
There is actually three types of Paganism. There is Paganism - a really old group of religions, there is NeoPaganism - a revival of Paganism (the really old group of religions) and there is the word paganism, a derogatory term meaning one without religion, unenlightened or heathen.
Paganism (the first kind) is a name for all those religions of long ago that never really had names. So the beliefs that the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Celts, Scandinavians, etc. had (i.e. the deities they worshiped, beliefs in the afterlife, etc.) that were more lifestyles than religion to them are now generally called Paganism.
NeoPaganism is a modern revival of those old religions. It also usually refers to a group of religions. It is not really the same as Paganism because they changed quite a few aspects of those religions. For instance, a Wiccan may worship Apollo (a Greek/Roman god) but believe in Reincarnation (Greeks and Romans believed in a heaven and hell). Most NeoPagan religions are polytheistic, believe in male/female equality, honor nature and see it as sacred, and believe in Reincarnation. They usually are involved in alternative medicine, animal rights and environmentalism, and a lot of things associated with New Age. NeoPaganism has taken a lot from a lot of different cultures and religions. A lot of NeoPaganism comes from Celtic religion and a lot of the religions also incorporate Native American aspects into their religion as well.
Wicca, Druidism, Shamanism, Asatru, Goddess worship, etc. all tends to fall under the category Paganism or NeoPaganism.
Wicca is based on pre-Christian Paganism. Mainly the religion of the Celtic peoples, but it has drawn a lot from other cultures over time.
The most common form of Wicca follows some basic beliefs. These are -
1) A God and a Goddess, often seen as the sun (god) and moon (goddess), they also worship more minor deities like those found in classical mythology and see them as manifestations of the God and Goddess
2) They believe that when you die you go to a place called the Summerland where you wait until your next incarnation. They believe in reincarnation and Karma
3) They follow a basic law, called the Rede, "An it harm none, do what ye will". They also follow "What you send forth comes back to thee so ever mind the law of three", the law of three being whatever you do good or bad comes back to you times three
4) It is a nature based religion, they see nature as sacred and respect it
5) They celebrate the seasonal holidays, the Sabbats, which includes the solstices and equinoxes,
and they celebrate the cycles of the moon, called esbats
6) They practice magick or witchcraft, "the movement of natural energies to create needed change" (Cunningham)
7) They do not believe in the Christian God, Satan, Heaven or Hell
Witchcraft is a practice with roots in pre-Christian Paganism. Today it is a very religious practice. It's far from supernatural; it harnesses the energies in nature and shapes them to achieve goals.
Magick can be a very simple or a very complex practice. There are three basic things used in casting a spell. Correspondences, words and energy.
Correspondences - are natural items that hold specific energy. Rocks and stones, herbs, colors, oils, etc. They all hold specific energies that witches use to aid in casting spells.
Words - that would include all chants, prayers, invocations, incantations, etc. These are simply words that state the goal or a wish or honor a deity. They are very powerful things (words), but words alone won't fulfill your goal.
Energy - the majority of a spell has to do with energy. Raising energy, forming and directing energy, releasing energy,etc.