Japanese Stuff

Contained on this page is Japanese related things of Miscellaneous things. They are mostly from books which I have read over time so check them out for the full effect of what I captured in but a glance of the novel itself. Mostly research books, but still well worth a looking into if one is interested.

Behind the Japanese Bow
By Boye Lafayette De Mente

Shikata (she-kah-tah)-way of doing things
Shi-a combination of support and serve
Yomi kata (yoe-me kah-tah)-way of reading
Tabe kata (tah-bay kah-tah)-way of eating
Kaki kata(kah-kee kah-tah)-way of writing
Kangae Kata (Kahn-guy kah-ta)-way of thinking
Iki Kata (ee-kee kah-tah)-way of living
Shikata ga nai-there is no way, meaning it is utterly hopeless and therefore makes no sense to even try
Honshin (hone-sheen)-true or right heart

Wa (wah)-harmony
Amae (ah-mah-eh)-indulgent love
Giri (ghee-ree)-obligations
Wa Kai-peaceful resolution
Wa go-peaceful concord
Dai wa- great harmony
Wa kon-Japanese spirit
Awase (ah-way-say)-adjustment
Erabi (aye-rah-bee)-choice

Onna-te (own-nah tay)-woman's hand
Kaki-kata-way of writing
Sho-Do (show-doe)-the way of the brush
Samurai-guard, to guard
Chanoyu (chah-no-yuu)-tea ceremony
Tate mae (tah-tay-my)-public statements
Hon ne (hoan-nay)-real meaning and intentions
Hara gei (hah-rah gay-e)-art of the stomach
Sumimasen (sue-me-mah-sin)-it never ends
Karate-do (kah-rah-tay-doe)-way of the empty hand
Ganbari no seishin (gahn-bah-ree no say-e-sheen)-never give up spirit
Shinyo (sheen-yue)-thrust
Kai zen (kie-zen)-continuous improvement
Wakarisugiru (wah-kah-ree-see-ghee-ree)-knowing too much
Mi-narai (me-nah-rye)-learn by watching
Meirei no shikata (may-eray no she-kah-tah)-way of giving orders
Gambaru (gahm-bah-rue)-to preserve, to never give up
Isshokenmei yaru (ee-show-ken-mayee yah-rue)-to do one's best
Ilk-kata (ee-kah-tah)-way of living

The Tibetan Book of the Dead Composed by Padmasambhava
Revealed by Tertonkarma Lingpa
Translated by-Gyurme Dorje
Edited by Graham Coleman and Thupten Jinpa

May all sentient beings,
Children of Buddha nature,
The ultimate nature of mind;
Insight and compassion.
In blissful union.

Secrets of the Samurai: A Survey of the Martial Arts of Feudal Japan
By Oscar Ratti and Adele Westbrook

Bujutsu in Feudal Japan
Archery-kyujutsu, kyudo, shagei
Spearmanship-sojutsu, yarijutsu, naginatajutsu (naginata), sodegarmijutsu, sasmatajutsu
Swordmanship-tojutsu, kenjutsu, kendo, iaijutsu, iaido, tantojutsu
Horsemanship-bajutsu, jobajutsu, suibajutsu
Swimming-suijutsu, oyogijutsu, katchu gozen oyogi

Art of the war fan-tessenjutsu (tessen)
Art of the staff-jojutsu (bo), jodo, tetsubojutsu
Art of the jitte-juttejutsu (jitte)

Art of the Chain and other implements-kusarijutsu, kusarugamajutsu, manrikikusari, chigirigijutsu, gegikanjutsu

Occult Arts
Ninjutsu, toiri-no-jutsu, shinobijutsu, chikairi-no-jutsu, shurikenjutsu, yubijutsu, koppo, fukihari, suijohokojutsu

Aikido, aikijutsu, chikarakurabe, chogusoku, genkotsu, gusoku, hakushi, judo, jujutsu, karate, kempo, kiaijutsu, kogusoku, koshi-no-mawari, koshi-no-wakari, kumiuchi, roikumiuchi, shikaku, shinobi, shubaku, sumai, sumo, taido, taidojutsu, torite, wajutsu, yawara

Chronology of Japanese History
Eras, Age and Periods with their chronology-major characteristics and Events considered as relevant in bujutsu (guardian of the sky-tenshu-kaku)
Prehistoric Age (Jomon)-Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods of a nomadic culture based on hunting, followed by the neolithic (use of pottery).
Prehistoric Age- Age of the Ancient Clans (uji) and of the hereditary titles based on rice cultivation and the use of bronze utensils.
Rise of the first social class on the tribal level of culture.
A.D. 57
First envoy of Japanese islanders of Nu to the Han count in China.
Invasion of Western Japan by the Yamato tribes.
Military victories of Takeru-no-Mikoto and development of the clan into a kingdom.
Appearance of iron weapons in dolmens.
C 360
Tradition refers to an invasion of Korea by Japanese warriors led by Empress Jingo.
The Beginning of Recorded History.
C 405
Introduction of writing from Korea.
Revolt in Kyushu against the dispatching of Japanese warriors to protect Japanese interests in Korea.
Introduction of Buddhism under the sponsorship of the Soga clan against the opposition of the Mononobe and the Nakatomi.
Elimination of Japanese power in Korea by the rise and expansion of the kingdom of Silla.
The Soga clan imparts a mortal blow to the Mononobe.
Buddhism is proclaimed the religion of state.
The Chinese calendar is adopted.
First embassy is sent to China.
The Soga clan is eliminated by Naka-no-Oe and Nakatomi Kamatari.
The Taika Reform is promulgated.
Defeat of Japanese warriors in Korea and destruction of their only Paekche by Silla supported by the T'ang dynasty.
Emperor Temmu usurps the throne.
Promulgation of the Taiho Code.
Nard Period (710-784)
Bureaucracy on the Chinese model and establishment of the first permanent capital in Nara.
Compilation of official records (kojiki), gazettes (fudoki), and chronicles (nihongi).
Revolt of Fujiwara Hirotsugu against the influence at court of the monk Gembo.
Flourishing of Buddhist sects in Nara.
Defeat of Fujiwara Nakamaro and reestablishment of power in the hands of Empress Koken (Shotoku), who appoints abbot Dokto as Prime Minister.
The capital is moved to Nagaoka
Heian Period (794-1156) or the Age of the Court Nobles (kuge)
Heian-Kyo (Kyoto) is founded
Defeat of the Ainu tribes in the north by Tamuramaro Sakanoue.
Decline of imperial power as the leaders of the Fujiwara clan emerge as regents (sessho) and civil dictators (kampaku).
(Sometimes divided into the Fujiwara Period (866-1160) and the beginning of the Taira Period (1156).)
Periods of intrigues, struggles, and revolts involving the emperors, the regents and the dictators.
Revolt and execution of Taira Masakado
Establishment of the “cloistered governments” as retired sovereigns (joko) or sovereigns joining monastic orders (ho) influence public affairs from secluded sites.
Earlier Nine Years' War: the Minamoto warriors eliminate the Abe clan in northern Honshu.
Later Three Years' War: Minamoto Yoshiie eliminates the opposition of the Kiyowara clan in northern Honshu.
First descent of Marauding monks from Mount Hiei into Kyoto.
Taira Kiyomori, of the military aristocracy in the provinces, takes control of the civil government in the capital.
The Age of Feudal Barons and Military Nobles (buke) (1156-1868)
Rokuhara Period-Characterized throughout by the active role of the Taira clan.
Hogen War and destruction of most Minamoto leaders by Taira Kiyomori.
Heiji War, further expansion of Taira power.
Gempei War leads to the destruction of the Taira clan.
Kamakura Period
Minamoto Yoritomo founds the Kamakura Shogunate.
The Hojo Clan ascents to power (1205).
Publication of the Joei Shikimoku as the basic law of the land.
First Mongol invasion.
Second Mongol invasion.
Genko War
Inauguration of Emperor Go-Daigo's direct rule and end of the Hojo regency.
Ashikaga Period, which includes and leads into the Muromachi Period (1392-1573)
Emperor Go-Daigo is forced to flee to Yoshino and a rival emperor occupies his throne in Kyoto under the protection of Ashikaga Takauji.
Period of great wars between the northern court in Kyoto and the southern court in Yoshino (also known as the
Nambokucho Period)
Takauji becomes shogun (1338).
Publication of the Jinno Shoto-i (Records of Legitimate succession of Divine Sovereigns)
Battles on Kyushu between warrior clans led by Prince Kanenaga and those led by Imagawa Sadayo.
Reunification of the two courts in 1392.
Wars on Onin and endemic strife throughout the land.
Peasant uprising in Yamashino province (1485)
Momoyama Period, also referred to as the Period of the Country at War (sengoku jidai) which overlaps and links the Ashiaga and Tokugawa periods.
Oda Nobunaga occupies Kyoto (1568) and razes major Buddhist temples to the ground, eliminating opposing clans and their coalitions.
Nobunaga, murdered in 1582, in avenged by Hideyoshi, who disarms Japan.
Hideyoshi unifies the country and invades Korea twice, in 1592 and 1597, before dying in 1598.
Tokugawa Ieyasu overcomes the opposition of other military clans at Sekigahara and conclusively destroys Hideyori's Osaka stronghold in 1615.
Tokugawa Period, also known as the Edo Period.
Ieyasu establishes the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo (Tokyo) in 1603 and issues the Buke-Shohatto (Laws of the Military Houses) in 1615.
The Spaniards are expelled.
The Shimabara Rebellion.
Expulsion of the Portuguese in 1639 and all other foreigners in 1640, with the exception of a small Dutch company.
Compilation of National Chronicles (Dainihon-shi) in 1667 and of the Honcho Tsugan (General History of Our State) in 1670.
Formulation in writing of Bushido by Yamaga Soko.
Incident of the forty-seven ronin.
Great famines and disorders from 1732 to 1786.
The Edo Shogunate tries various fiscal and social reforms (1787) while suppressing heterodox learning in 1790.
American and Russian warships appear.
Internal disorders and rice riots (1837).
Increased weakness of the shogunate prompts the last shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu, to resign in 1867, thus restoring the supreme administrative power to the emperor (1868)

Class structure of Tokugawa Society
Military class (buke)
Central Government (bakufu)
Provincial Government (daimyo)
Imperial Courts and Nobles (kuge)
Religious Orders
Commoners (heimin)
Farmers (hyakusho)
Artisans (shokunin)
Merchants (akind, chonin)
Outcasts (eta, hinin)
Hatamoto-banner knight or standar-bearer
Gokenin-honorable member of the household, inferior vassal, household member

The Central Government (bakufu) and its Major Agencies in Edo
Council of Elders (roju)
Council of Young Elders (waka-doshiyori)
Censors (metsuke)
Commissioner of Temples and Shrines (jisha-bugyo)
Commissioner of finances (kanjo-bugyo)
Town Magistrate (machi-bugyo)
Supreme Court of Justice (hyojosho)
Banner Knights (hatamoto)
Household Vassals (gokenin)
Edo Police forces
Guards (yoriki), policemen (doshin), patrollers (okoppiki), official supervisors of military residences (tsujiban)
Supervisors of hatamoto districts (kmiai-tsujiban), supervisors of daimyo districts (daimyo-tsujiban), direct supervisors of the government (kogi-tsujiban)
Civilian district supervisors (jishimban), gate-watchmen (bataro) who closed gates at 10 pm.

Warrior's Creed (bukyo)
Samurai's Way (shido)
The way of the warrior (Bushido)

The word daimyo may be translated as “great names” and seems to have been derived from a combination of dai (great) with Myo or Myoden (used to identify a rice-producing fief).

Censors (shogun)-metsuke
Family daimyo-kamon
Lord(s) of a castle-joshu
Lord of a castle-joshu-nami
Lords without castles-Mujo

Classification of Daimyo Ranks according to the Audience Room at the Shogun's Court in Edo
Rank → Audience Room → Category of Daimyo
1st → Grand Corridor (o-ruka-zume) → members of the three exalted families (sanke)
2nd → Lounge (tamarima-zume) → members of the Matsudaira families (gokamon) and of the hereditary daimyo (fudai)
3rd → Main hall (o-hiroma-zume) → members of the Matsudaira family (gokamon), of the hereditary daimyo (fudai), and of the “outside” daimyo (tozama) with over 100,000 koku in yearly income
4th → Reception hall (teikannoma-zume) → members of daimyo families of the third rank with less than 100,000 koku in yearly income.
5th → Willow Room (yanaginoma-zume) –> “outside” daimyo (tozama) with less than 50,000 koku yearly income
6th → Wild Goose Room (karinoma-zume) → hereditary daimyo (fudai) with less than 50,000 koku yearly income
7th → Chrysanthemum Room (kikunoma-zuma) → daimyo without castle (mujo daimyo) with a yearly income between 10,000 and 20,000 koku
8th → Other less celebrated halts → other lords

Others (jofu)-stayed permanently in Edo with their lord's and their own families, as guards of his mission in the capital
others (kimmuban) rotated periodically to fill the various clan offices in the provinces and in Edo.

Karo-Elder Councillors
Productive land-kura
Cabinet of Superintendents-bugyo
Honden-prime, original land
Shinden-land cleared for cultivation
Yaguchi-cleared by retainers of samurai rank
Ryochi-cleared by retainers of goshi rank
Up-lands-hata- usually reserved for the cultivation of wheat, barley, vegetables, etc.
Pasture or grasslands-hara, as virgin-lands, forests, woods, and so on.

Karo- “under lords” very powerful and usually paid no taxes to the daimyo.

Shihaku-samurai-2nd class of retainers
Churo-1st category of direct retainers
Two swords (daisho)-paid in land
2nd category of direct retainers-wma-mawari warriors, some paid in land and some in rice
3rd and largest category-koshogumi-who were paid rice produced on the daimyo's kura, according to the rice system of income (kokusho)
Goshi-country warriors-ancient retainers (kerai)
Keikaku-country gentry under the goshi, paid in rice

Upper Kyunin-chief minister, chamberlain, steward, Confucian scholars, physicians, and retainers of first rank (koshogumi), as well as “a body of attendants on the daimyo consisting especially of boys who had not yet come of age”
Lower-warriors (kachi) included the calligraphers and accountants who discharged the duties administrators and bookkeepers for the clan; the daimyo's attendants who always escorted him, bearing his swords (tomokosho); and others such as the armorers, stable boy, grooms (naka-kosho), the large cohorts of palace guards (koyakunin), and the foot soldiers (ashigaru). Beneath these two we find lightly armed troops, such as the kogashira, led by chugen.

Thirteen Laws of the Military Houses (Buke Sho-hatto)

Men of war-bushi
Vassal-samurai, samurai-one who serves warriors on foot-zusa
Supreme military dictator-kampaku
Wariors' own blood-keppan
Code of honor-Bushido
Hagakure-code of the warrior was indeed a code of death
Nara-kiri-abdomen cutting or seppuku
short sword-wakizashi

Director of Public education-fumiya-zukasa-no-kani
Provincial area-kokugaku
Imperial college-daigaku
Upper and Lower heads-tai-jo and sho-jo
Upper and Lower sub officials-tai-shakan and jo-shakan
Chinese classics-myokyo
Calligraphy-sho, shodo
Composition and rhetoric-monjo, mongaku
Chinese poetry-shigaku
Japanese poetry-kagaku
Planning and strategy-shusai
Political theory-shinshi
Medicine and pharmacy-tenyaku

Small classics-shokyo
Great classics-daikyo
Middle classics-chukyo

Program of Instruction in the Nisshinkan Institute Obligatory
Literary-Chinese classics (jugaku), indigenous religion and literature (Shinto oyobi kogaku), calligraphy (shogaku, shuji), etiquette (reishiki), classical music (gagaku), mathematics (sugaku), medicine (igaku), astronomy (temmon)
Military-art of the bow and arrow (kyujutsu), various specializations spearmanship (yarijutsu, naginata, bojutsu, etc.) various specializations of swordmanship (tojutsu, kenjutsu, etc.) art of unarmed combat with or without armor (jujutsu), artillery and firearms (hojutsu), art of fortifications (chikujojutsu), art of horsemanship on land and in the water (bajutsu, suibajutsu), art of swimming in armor (suiei) optional-tea ceremony (sado), poetry (shinsaku), impromptu versification (sokuseki), hunting (torioi)

Floating world-ukiyo

Ronin-a sinister figure of dread in the land; a specter that ever haunts the dreams of the officials, making the weaker-kneed among them sweat the cold sweat of terror (Murdoch, vol. 3, 704)


Special guard units-ozonakama, formed both priests and laymen, used to protect and assigned to stand watch over important temples in order to protect sacred property from sacrilege.

Mountain warriors-yamahoshi, later known as yamabushi

Way of supernatural powers-shugendo
Male-otoko-no-miko, female-onna-no-miko
Military practice-buyu
Warrior monks-sohei
Men of the temples-shinjin

Town elders-machi-doshiyori
Military class-machi-bugo
Host of heroism-kyokaku

Hired assistants-tesaki
Social outcasts-eta
Eta's assistants-tedai
Forked dirk-jutte, jitte
Specialization for jutte-juttejutsu
Spiked pole-sode-garami
Spike and chain-manriki-gusari

Schools of martial arts-bujutsu-ryu
Ryu represented a school wherein a publicly acknowledged expert taught a number of students the strategic use of a particular weapon, in a particular style and according to particular concepts.

Major schools of Bujutsu in Feudal Japan
School (ryu) → Specialty
Aisu-kuge → Swordmanship
Araki → Chained weapons
Daito → close combat
Hakutsu → close combat
Hasegawa → swordmanship
Hioki → archery
Hoki → swordmanship
Hozo-in → spearmanship
Isshin → chained weapons
Itto → swordmanship
Jukishin → close combat
Juki → close combat
Kajima → archery
Katori-Shinto → swordmanship
Kito –> close combat
Kyushin → close combat
Kobo → swimming
Koto-Eiri → swordmanship
Kukishin → staff
Kankai → swimming
Masaki → chained weapons
Miura → close combat
Mukai → swimming
Muso-Jukiden-Eishin → swordmanship
Muso-Shinden → swordmanship
Nen → swordmanship
Nichio ku → archery
Nihon → archery
Nito → swordmanship
Omori → swordmanship
Sasanuma → swimming
Sekiguchi → close combat
Shibukawa → close combat
Shiden → swimming
Shindo-muso → staff
Shinkage → sword and spear
Shin-no-Shindo → close combat
Shinto → swordmanship
Soken → archery
Sosuishitsu → close combat
Suifu → swimming
Takeda → swimming
Takenouchi → close combat
Tendo → spearmanship
Tamiya → swordmanship
Tenjin-Shinyo → close combat
Tenshin Shoden-katori-Shinto → sword and spear
Toda → chained weapons
Yagyu → swordmanship
Yagyu-Shingan → close combat
Yamahouchi → swimming
Yoshin → close combat

Dojo-the name was borrowed from the Buddhist Nomenclature for the halls set aside for meditation and other spiritual exercises in virtually every monastery and convent.


Ranking System in Modern Derivations of Feudal Japan
Category → Ranks (B/B stands for Black Belt) Dan (Dan means “step” and is generally identified by the black belt →
B/B 10th Degree (judan)- teacher (hanshi)
B/B 9th Degree (kudan)- teacher (hanshi)
B/B 8th Degree (hachidan)- instructor (kyoshi)
B/B 7th Degree (shichidan)- instructor (kyoshi)
B/B 6th Degree (rokudan)- assistant instructor (nenshi)
B/B 5th Degree (godan)- assistant instructor (nenshi)
B/B 4th Degree (yodan)- assistant instructor (nenshi)
B/B 3rd Degree (sandan)- assistant instructor (nenshi)
B/B 2nd Degree (nidan)- assistant instructor (nenshi)
B/B 1st Degre (shodan) -assistant instructor (nenshi)
Kyu (Kyu means “class” and is identified by variously colored belts) →
Student of 1st class (ikkyu)
Student of 2nd class (nikyu)
Student of 3rd class (sankyu)
Student of 4th class (yonkyu)
Student of 5th class (gokyu)
Student of 6th class (rokkyu)

Hiden-secret traditions
Hijutsu-secret arts
Okugi-inner mysteries


Mountain priests-yama-bushi
Temple monks-tera-hoshi
Armor makers-gusoku-shi
Kawara (Kawa meaning aether)-armor made of leather scales sewed on cloth
Tanko-plate armor
Kogane-majiri-no-yoroi-a composition of leather and iron
Small scales of metal-kozane
Tameshi-zane-eested scales
Sane-metal scales
Naginata-a glaive or spear with a sword-like blade
Great Generals-taisho
Red Lacing-hi-odoshi
White (sign and color of mourning/death)-worn as lacing on a suit of armor normally meant someone engaged in a battle from which he did not expect to emerge alive.
Chest protector-yoroi
Armored sleeves-kote
Shin guards-sune-ate
Loin guards-koshi-ate
Kigomi-baori-war coat
Undergarment of fin mail-kusari katabira
Armored collar-nodo-wa

Shitagi-resembling everyday kimono (shirt)
Myoga-palm fibers
Mail or chainlegging called kusari-kyahan (kyahan-suneate)
Armored sleeve-kote tegai
Light mail-ai-gote
Armored sleeve covered with or made of mail-kusari-gote
Mail in a shirt-jiban-gote
Fukuro-gote-lighter suit of armor worn mostly as ornamental for extra protection on the streets if encountered any trouble
Later plates-watagami
Mail band-kusari wakibiki
Corsets-kawa tsutsumi
Chinese leather-kara-kawa tsutsumi
Red leather-aka-kawa tsutsumi
Flowered leather-hana-gawa tsutsumi
Black Lacquered leather-sewari tsiutsumi
Sharkskin-same tsutsumi
Tortoise shell-moji tsutsumi
Saint's breast plate-hotoke-do
Bow string-tsuruberi
Belt-uma-obi, made of linen or cloth, with tassels and bow in front. When cut off the end of this belt and threw away the scabbard of his sword, his intention of dying on the battle field was clearly manifested to his foes and the desperate nature of his fight emphasized.
Sword hanger-koshiate
Two swods-daisho
Short sword-wakizashi
Long sword-tachi
3rd sword (extra sword)-nodachi, which was quite heavy and generally longer than the normal katana. This sword was normally strapped to the back.
Demon's head (helmet)-kimen
Iki-doshi-no-ana-hole for breathing
Small flags-sashimono
Jo-mon-fixed badge of the family
Kae-mon-badges worn instead of the chief one
Nippon-Land of the rising sun
Headband-nachi-maki, usually white in color to the ever-present possibility of death. Headbands in Red (aka) were also used
Ghost mask-moriyo
Evil demon mask-akuryo
Long-nosed sylvan demon mask-tori-tengu
Little banner-sashimono
Decorative tassels-agemaki
War fan-gumbai
Iron fan-tessen

Shagei-accomplishment in archery
Kyujutsu-the art, or technique, of the bow
Kyudo-the way of the bow and arrow
Repeating crossbow-dokyu
Short bow (azusa-yumi)-was used by sorcerers in their incantations
The Buki Niyaku, describes and illustrates “five kinds of bows”: the maru-ki, or rounded bow, the shige-no-yumi, or bow wound round with rattan, the bankyu and hankyu, similar bows but of smaller size, and the hoko-yumi, the Tartar-shaped bow
Main divisions, “seem to have been”, the yanagi-ba or willow-leaf arrows, the togari-ya, or pointed arrows,
the karimata, bifurcated or two-pointed arrows, and the watakushi-tearer or barbed arrows.

Kompaku-gata, by kompaku hide tsuge

Sampaku maku-nuki (curtain-piercer)
Tsubeki-ne (chisel shape)
Tsurugi-jiri (sword point)
Tobu, tobi-naoshi (flying kite)
Hoso-yanagiba (narrow willow-leaf)
Watakushi of the Satake Clan 9 ½ inches
Watakushi (flesh-tearer)
Yanagi-ba (willow leaf) 6 inches
Togari-ya (pointed)
Togari-ya 8 inches
Sankaku (triangle)
Rinzetsu (dragon's tongue)
Tadenari (smartweed leaf)
Karimata and hiki-me
Karimata (two-pointed)
Saw-cut arrow
Wataku shi of Yoshiie
Watakushi of Noritsune 9 ¾ inches x 8 ½ inches
Ritualistic plucking of the bowstring (meigen), whose vibrations are considered auspicious for the royal newborn. Other widely known ceremonies include the hikime, in which the perforated arrow which produces a whistling sound in flight is shot to welcome a newborn (tanjo-hikime) or to dispel evil spirits or disease (yagoshi-hikime).
The basic movements still preserved by the major schools of kyudo are the stance (ashibumi) in full balance, abdominal centralization and breathing (dozukuri), the notching of the arrow (yugame), the raising of the bow with the drawing of the arrow (uchiokoshi), the descent of the bow with the drawing of the arrow (hikiwake), the completion of extension, with the arrow parallel to the line of the mouth and the sighting (kai), the release (hanare), and the final pause (zanshin), which follows the arrow's flight, arms extended in opposite directions.

Spear-a weapon second in traditional significance only to the bow and arrow
Japanese spear (yari)
Strips or rings of metal (sujigane)
Buddhist staff, shakujo
Straight spearheads, curved spearheads, and variously shaped spearheads
Straight spearheads was the most common it was double-edged, almost like an abbreviated version of the archaic Japanese sword (ken)
Yarijutsu-the art of the straight spear
Naginataju tsu (or simply naginata) the art of the curved spear
Jojutsu-the art of the staff
Japanese fencing (kendo)

Ideograms of Chinese chien (double-edged sword) tao (single-edged sword or knife)
Jin-tachi, long sword carried into battle by the bushi's attendant
Tachi (24 to 30 inches long)
It is a katana when scabbard worn in the girdle, bu the same blade becomes a tachi when the scabbard is suspended
Chisa-katana (18 to 24 inches)
Tanto and the hamadoshi, daggers with a large and small guard, the aikuchi (or kusun-gobu), daggers without guards, the yoroi-toshi, a kind of blade for cutting through armor, the series of himegatana, the one piece stilettos made of fine steel, the innumerable kozuka knives, carried in the scabbard of the wakizeishi, the kogai, or crested pin, which the bushi often left on the body of a slain for the purpose of identifying his kill.
Drawing of the sword (the art of)-iaijutsu
Prearranged movements-kata
Short sword-wakizashi
Intermediate sword-chisa-katana
Long sword-nodachi
Two sword style of fencing-nito
Regular brace of swords-daisho, often in the scabbard with the short sword
Art of dagger throwing-tantojutsu-used by women of the buke
Dirk-kaiken, carried at all times by the women of the buke, this weapon being to them what the katana were to
the male counterparts
Dochu wakizashi-traveling small sword
Kumi-tachi-live blades being used
Bokken-wooden sword

War fan-gunsen
Iron fan-tetsu-sen or tessen, everyday attire
Tessenjutsu-art of the war fan

Stone clubs-seki-bo
Iron clubs-tetsu-bo
Long iron club-kanabo
Wooden club-kirikobu, carried by palace watchmen
Jojutsu-art of long stick fighting
Two sword defense-juju-domai
Fluid, formal exercises-kata
Wooden sword-bokken
Upper part of the body attacks, straight-honto-uchi, reverse-gyaku-uchi, response to a block-hiki-otoshi, switch hand-kaeshi-tsuki and reverse hand-gyakute-tsuki, thrusts straight-tsuke-hazushi and the round, low parry-maki-otoshi, the body pressure-kure-tsuke, the body push-kure-hanashi, and the body whirl-tai-atari, the middle body parry and counter-do-harai-uchi and the spinning evasion and counter-tai-hazu shi-uchi
The art of the heavy club-tanjo
Chained sickle-gama
Fast draw-iai
Bokken-art of the wooden sword

Jitte-weapon consists of an iron or steel rod, a long hilt, and a characteristically square hook jutting out from the rod at the point where it meets the hilt. Also known as a sai jittejutsu

Chain-kusari, ade of iron or steel
Nage-gama-a javelin with a short sickle-like blade set in at right angles at one end, while a long chain was attached to the other end
Sickles or picks-kama
Kusari-gama-a shaft of iron, often with a protective shield for the hand, and a sickle set at right angles to it, which a chain hung from the back of the sickle and a weight was commonly attached to the chain
Manriki-gusari-a kusari-gama with two weights, one on either end to a chain two feet long
Kama-yari-a simple handle with a blade forged onto or set at right angles to its length, the blade could be folded up inside the handle and a metal ring which slid along the handle was used to lock the blade firmly into an open or shut position
Stone axes-raifu
Iron and steel axes-fuetsu
Battle axe-masa-kari
Pole axe-ono
Warrior monks-yamabushi
Metsubushi or gantsubushi-pepperblower
Typical pipe-kiseru consisted of a bowl-gankubi, gambuki, a stem (rao) and a mouth piece (suikochi, suikuchi) a pouch of leather or cloth (tabako-ire) or box (tonkotsu) accompanied it, and a pipe sheath (kiseru-zutsu), often highly decorated, was used to protect it

Ninja leaders-jonin
Ninja sub leaders-chunin
Ninja agents-genin
Ninja books and documents-torimaki
Shurikenjutsu-art of small blades throwing (stars)
Shaken-shaped stars
Skilled chemist-yogen
Breaking bones-koppo
The art of sleight of hand and hypnosis-saiminjutsu

Methods of unarmed combat
Gusoku (ko-gusoku, cho-gusoku)
Kumiuchi (ryo-kumiuchi)
Shinhaku (shubaku)
Taijutsu (taido)

Action or techniques (waza)
Group of techniques (nage-waza)-comprised a variety of ways in which particular parts of the human body could be used to remove an opponent from the ground before projecting him down again
Hip projections-koshi-waza
Hand projections-te-waza
Leg projections-ashi-waza
Self sacrifices (sutemi in judo, utchari in sumo)- in which a fighter, grasping an opponent firmly, would fall to the ground voluntarily
Techniques of immobilization-osae-waza or torae
Dangerous techniques of strangulation-shime-waza
Techniques of dislocation-kansetsu-waza
Techniques of percussion-atemi-waza

Public competitions of strength-chikara-kurabe
Clay figures-haniwa
Sumo (wrestling) ring (do hyo)
Ceremonial girdle-kesho-mawashi

Sumo organization and ranking system
First-rank division (maku-uchi)
Grand Champions (yokozuna)
Three orders of Champions (sanyaku)
1. Champions (ozeki)
2. Junior Champions (sekiwake)
3. Pre-champions (komusubi)
Senior Wrestlers (maegashira)
Contenders for the first-rank division (juryo)
Second-rank seniors (maku-shita)
Step division (dan)
Third step (sandamme)
Second Step (jo-nidan)
First Step (jo-no-kuchi)
Beginners (honchu)
Recruits (maezumo)

Sumo referees (gyoji)
Fan (gumbai)
Blue and white for the junyo bouts
Red and white for the maegashira bouts
White for the sanyaku bouts
Purple or purple and white for the yokozuna bouts
Formal attire (montsumi)
Divided skirt (hakama)
Professional speaker (yobi dashi)
Grand champion ancient rituals of purification and preparation called (shi kiri naoshi)
Pushing with hands only (tsuki)
Pushing with the whole body (oshi)
Clinging (yori)
Slapping (tsuppari)
Side-stepping (hataki-komi)
Leg sweeps (ketaguri)
Leg holds (ashi-tori)
Displace the opponent (utchari)
Sword bearer that accompanies the grand champion (tachi-mochi)
Water ceremony (mizu-sakazuki) a token of farewell that might be forever

Mental concentration (haragei)
Coordinated energy (ki)

Jujutsu-technique or art (jutsu) of suppleness, flexibility, pliancy, gentleness (all varying renditions of the ideogramju)
Percussion (atemi-waza)
Immobilization (torae)
Strangulation (shime)
Resuscitation (hassei-ho, later to become the complex science of kappo or katsu)
Yo-meaning willow
Shin-meaning spirit or heart
Wooden sword-bokken
Immobilization (osae-waza)
Five keys or groups (go-kyu)
Scrolls and manuscripts (makimono)
Supreme and unsurpassed art of combat (hi-no-shita toride-kaizan)
Formal exercises (kata)
Classic foms (koshiki-no-kata)
Wa (accord)
Supple (ju)
Judo-the way (do) of suppleness or gentleness (ju)

Judo program of instruction
(Kodokan style)
1. Techniques of projection (nage-waza)
a. From a standing condition (tachi-waza)
Hand techniques (te-waza)
Hip techniques (koshi-waza)
Foot techniques (ashi-waza)
b. From a falling condition (sutemi-waza)
Dorsal falls (masutemi-waza)
Lateral falls (yokosutemi-waza)
2. Techniques of immobilization (osae-waza)
3. Techniques of strangulation (shime-waza)
4. Techniques of dislocation (kansetsu-waza)
5. Techniques of percussion with the upper and lower extremities (ate-waza)
6. Formal exercises (kata), nine series
7. Methods of resuscitation (kappo)

Aikijutsu-the technique (jutsu) of coordinated, assembled, harmonized, or concentrated (ai) consciousness, spirit or mind (ki)
Ki (intrinsic or inner enegy)
Harmony (ai)
Secret martial arts (den-sho)

Major outlines of aikido program of instruction
Techniques of combat (aikido waza)
Formal exercises (aikido kata)
In defense:
Techniques of evasion and centralization
In counter attack:
Techniques of projection
Techniques of immobilization

Projections (kokyu-nage)
Opponent's strategy (go)
Aikido-the “way of harmony” or “philosophy of coordination”

Powerful slaps and heavy pushes (tsuppari)
Karate is formed by combining two Chinese ideograms: kara meaning “empty” or “bare” and te meaning “hand (s)” or “fist (s)”
Founder of the Zen sect, Bodhidharma (P'uTi Ta-Mo in Chinese or Daruma in Japanese)
Doctrine of meditation (ch'an, zen)
Fists and feets (tai-ch'i chuan, kung-fu, and kempo)
Tai-ch'i chuan (“supreme ultimate fist”)
Pa-kua-chang (the “palm method of the right diagrams”)
Karate program of instruction (shotokan style)

Techniques of attack and counterattack with hands and arms
Direct strikes (tsuki-waza)
Indirect strikes (uchi-waza)
With feet and legs (keri-waza)
Techniques of defense
Blocks (uke-waza)
Evasions (kawashi-waza)
Formal exercises (kata)

Kiai-compound of ki, meaning mind, will, turn of mind, spirit, etc., and ai, the contraction of the verbawasu, signifying to unite. Meaning when two minds are united into one in such a manner that the stronger controls the weaker.

Bujutsu practitioner-bujin

Center (hara) intrinsic energy (ki)
Centralization (haragei)
The center where the many became one, chaos become order, the particular became universal, death or stillness became life or motion, dazed and pained blindness became calm clarity, the unintelligible became intelligible.

Tea cermony (cha-no-yu)
Target (monomi)
Mystical enlightenment (satori)
Kyudo-way of the bow and arrow
Mizu-no-kokoro (a spirit like calm water)
Tsuki-no-kokoro (a spirit calm as the moon)
(Tsuki) moon
Calm waters (mizu)
Saika-tan-den (that part of the belly situated beneath the belly)
Old gentleman (shoju ronin)
Minen mushin (without idea and without mind)

The aim of the active form of centralization in jujutsu was clearly that of coordinating the fighting powers of the bushi to the extent that all the various terms employed by the doctrine of bujutsu, meaningless when taken individually would become significant when fused together.

Bujin-expert of the arts of combat

Ju-no-kata-exercises of gentleness
Nai-ki-inner energy

In-ibuki-soft but firm type of breathing which starts from deep within the abdomen. Infant breathing
Yo-ibuki-is the hard style of breathing. Later development animal-like.
Sanchin-breathing exercises
(Ki) ch'i- intrinsic energy

The lungs are reservoirs of air, and air is the lord of strength. Who ever speaks of strength must know air, this is a universal truth. Good lungs equal good strength, weak lungs, weak strength. You must learn to breathe properly. -(Smith, 34)

Hsing-i-imaginary intellectual fist
Ai-uchi-mutual striking down

Bushido- “the” art of death which makes our soldiers exalt in self-sacrifice. -(Okakura, 3)

Chikara-brute force
Awasu-to unite
Shinki-kitsu (a method of uniting opposing minds under the control of one)

Ju-suppleness, pliability, adaptability
Aiki-harmony, blending, identification, coordination

The superior man is compliant, but not blindly yielding. -Confucius

Yawara-another name for Ju-jutsu
Ju-Jutsu-art of gentleness
Wa-Jutsu-art of accord
Ryuko-no-maki-literally “Book of Dragon and Tiger”

If the enemy turns upon us we meet him; if he leaves we let him leave. Facing the enemy we accord with him. Five and five are ten. Two and eight are ten. One and nice are ten. All this shows accord. -Ryuko-no-maki

Aiki-means, making your spirit “fits in” with your opponent's

When the elephant is falling, do not place yourself under him to hold him up; but after he has fallen, you can push in order to help him get up. -(Herbert, 223)

Formal exercises-kata

“When the enemy remains motionless you may find it impossible to attack. In that case you must keep strictly on the defense. “But if he attacks”, do not recklessly resist your opponent's physical strength, imitate the action of a boat a drift upon the surface of the ocean.” -(Harrison, 37)

Ju-jutsu (literally “soft art”), as its name implies, is based upon the principle of opposing softness or elasticity to hardness or stiffness. Its secret lies in keeping one's body full of ki, with elasticity in one's limbs, and in being ever on the alert to turn the strength of one's foe to one's own advantage with the minimum employment of one's own muscular force. -(Harrison, 131)

Do-spiritual domain
Do (way) that is, the way of seeing, of understanding, and of motivating behavior in the philosophical or religious sense
Do (doctrine) that is, the principles taught and accepted by a body of adherents to a philosophy, a religious sect, a school
Do-denotes belief rather than technique, insight rather than execution, motivation. Rather than action or its particular instruments.

Osho-master or teacher, which is commonly the title given to a Buddhist priest (Sanskrit Upadhyana)

Tsuki-no-kokoro-a mind as calm as the moon

This is page two of Japanese Stuff

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